Q.2 Homo Naledi

"Neo" skull

Ask:                Who or what is Homo Naledi?

Homo Naledi was a primitive ancestor of the current human existence.
Homo Naledi was named after the Rising Star Cave – “Naledi’ means star in SeSotho.

Acquire:         Was there a significance to discover these species.
The finds shed light on the origins and diversity of our species and apparently indicate deliberate deposition of bodies in a remote cave chamber, behavior that is thought to be limited to humans. The fossils were found in deep underground in a chamber named Dinaledi, or Chamber of Stars, and thus giving us an indication of the behavior of our ancestors.

Analyse:         What positive conclusions can be highlighted by these discoveries?naledi exhibits human and primitive features which is an evident of our existence. We can no longer assume that we know which species made which tools, or even assume that it was modern humans that were the innovators of some of these critical technological and behavioural breakthroughs in the archaeological record of Africa.

Apply:             How can these discoveries be applied to our modern generation?
John Hawks of the University of Wisconsin-Madison and Wits University, an author on all three papers, says: “I think some scientists assumed they knew how human evolution happened, but these new fossil discoveries, plus what we know from genetics, tell us that the southern half of Africa was home to a diversity that we’ve never seen anywhere else”

Assess:          What was Homo Naledi’s significant impact to the world and South Africa?
In an accompanying paper, led by Berger, entitled Homo naledi and Pleistocene hominin evolution in subequatorial Africa, the team discuss the importance of finding such a primitive species at such a time and place. They noted that the discovery will have a significant impact on our interpretation of archaeological assemblages and understanding which species made them.

[Online]. Available at: http://www.archaeologysa.co.za/news/2015/october/homo-naledi [Accessed 12 June 2017].

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